Sunday, July 10, 2011

Great Mosque of Sultan Palace

Great Mosque of Sultan Palace is a mosque that was founded in the center (capital) of the kingdom. The building was established during the reigns of Sultan Buwana I (1755-1792). Yogyakarta, reputedly the planning of urban space based on the concept of taqwa. Therefore, the composition of outer space formed by the boundaries of the placement of five mosques in the Sultanate four winds of the Great Mosque at its center. While the composition in place Tugu (Tugu Pal White) - Stage Krapyak as the main elements of the core space. This composition is put Tugu Pal-palace-Stage White Krapyak in one axis.

Building the Great Mosque of Sultan Palace located in an area of ​​approximately 13,000 square meters. The area is bounded by a fence wall around. Construction of the mosque itself is done after 16 years of Yogyakarta Palace stood. The establishment of the mosque itself on the initiative of Kiai Pengulu Ibrahim Faqih Dipaningrat whose implementation is handled by Tumenggung Wiryakusuma, an architect of the palace. Construction of the mosque is done in stages. The first stage is the construction of the main building of the mosque. The second stage is the construction of the mosque portico. After that, additions of other buildings.

Building the Great Mosque consists of several rooms, namely the mosque yard, the porch of the mosque, and the main hall of the mosque. Mosque yard consists of the front yard and backyard. The courtyard is an open space located on the outside of the main building and the portico of the mosque. This page is restricted by the wall circumference. Moderate backyard mosque is the tomb of Nyi Achmad Dahlan and several other graves.

There are five doors that can be used to enter the courtyard of the mosque. Two doors are located on the north and south. While on the east side there is a door that serves as the main entrance. Form the gate which is semar tinandu sekrang with pyramid roof. On both sides of this gate there are two buildings known as wards of soldiers. The gate is connected with a road that divides the front page into two parts. The road is flanked by two buildings called pagongan.

Building foyer is separated from the mosque courtyard. The building of the separation fence around the wall with five entrances. On the eastern side there are three doors and one on the north and south. Building the porch is also surrounded by a small ditch (pond) on the north side, east and south. Places / buildings used for ablution located on the north and the south porch. It's just that the trench is now no longer visible. You can compare the two images are displayed in Tembi. Discover the difference between the two. Maybe you can come estimate how about building the Great Mosque of Yogyakarta in the past.

Building the mosque portico rectangular-shaped floor plan. Porch built on a shelf as high as one meter. In this gallery there are 24 pole berumpak lotus-shaped stone. The stone base with a patterned decorative motifs engraved on the edge of the cloud. Pyramid-shaped roof of the mosque portico.

From the beginning until now the Great Mosque of Sultan Palace is a very important mosque is not only a place of worship for Muslims in general, but also for organizing ceremonies Sultan Palace.

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