Sunday, July 10, 2011

Yogyakarta Presidential Palace

Yogyakarta presidential palace was originally home to the official residence of the resident-18 in Yogyakarta (1823-1825). He was a Dutchman named Anthonie Hendriks Smissaert, which is also the originator or initiator of the construction of this Great House. This building was founded in May 1824 in the Dutch colonial period. It originated from the desire of a "palace" is authoritative for the resident-resident Dutch. Architect named A. Payen; he was appointed by the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies at that time. Follow the style of European architecture of the building to suit the tropical climate.

Diponogero War (1825-1830), whom the Dutch called the Java War, resulting in the construction of the building was delayed. Disaster / earthquake struck twice on the same day, causing the official residence of the Dutch resident collapsed. But the new buildings erected and completed in 1869. The building is at the Main Building Complex of the Presidential Palace of Yogyakarta, which is now called the State House.

History also records that on December 19, 1927, administrative status as the region of Yogyakarta province increased to residency. Supreme ruler of the Netherlands is no longer resident, but the governor. Thus, the main building which was completed in 1869 it became the residence of the governor of the Dutch in Yogyakarta and the entry of Japanese occupation. Some of the Dutch Governor who inhabit the building was Jasper JE (1926-1927), PRW van Gesseler Verschuur (1929-1932), HM de Kock (1932-1935), J. Bijlevel (1935-1940), and L Adam (1940-1942). During the Japanese occupation, the palace became the official residence of the Japanese authorities in Yogyakarta, namely Koochi Zimmukyoku Tyookan.

History of the Great House is a very important and very meaningful when the government of the Republic of Indonesia moved from Jakarta to Yogyakarta. On January 6, 1946, which dubbed the city of Yogyakarta Gudeg it officially became the new capital of the Republic of Indonesia that is still young, and the palace was turned into the Presidential Palace as the residence of President Soekarno, the President of the Republic of Indonesia I, along with his family. While Vice President Mohammad Hatta and family when it lived in the building now occupied by Korem 072 / Pamungkas, not far from the palace complex.

Since then, the history of the palace (mainly the function and role) changed. Inaugural General Sudirman as the Commander in Chief of TNI (on June 3, 1947), followed by the inauguration of the tips of the Republic of Indonesia Armed Forces High Command (on July 3, 1947), and five Cabinet Rebulik young it was formed and inaugurated in the Palace as well.

On Sunday 19 December 1948, Yogyakarta, battered by the Dutch troops under the leadership of Gen. Spoor. Event known as the Military Aggression II led to the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, along with several other princes were exiled to the outer island of Java, specifically to Brastagi and Bangka, and just returned to Yogyakarta on July 6, 1949. Starting that date, the court again serve as the official residence of the President. However, since December 28, 1949, namely the migration of the President to Jakarta, the palace is no longer a residence of the President.

A historical event that can not be ignored is the function of the Great House was originally the founding of the Republic of Indonesia (June 3, 1947). At that time the Great House serves as a place of inauguration of General Sudirman, as the Commander of the Indonesian National Army (TNI). In addition, for three years (1946-1949), this building serves as the official residence of the President of the Republic of Indonesia I.

After the independence of Indonesia, precisely at the offices of President II RI, since April 17, 1988, the Presidential Palace in Yogyakarta / Great House is also used for the implementation of Ceremony-cadets Midshipman Air New Akabri, and at the same event Farewell The New Young Officers Passed by the Governor and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. In fact, since August 17, 1991, officially the Presidential Palace in Yogyakarta / Great House is used as a place to commemorate Moments Proclamation for the Special Region of Yogyakarta.

In line with its function is now, more than 65 heads of state and head of government and state guests, has been visiting or staying at the Great House. Customers first state visit to the building is the President of India Rajendra Prasad (1958). In the sixties, King Bhumibol of Thailand Adulyajed (1960) and President Ayub Khan of Pakistan (1960) to visit and spend the night in this building. A year later (1961), it is a state guest of Prime Minister Abbas Ferhart from Algeria. In the seventies, the visit is President D. Macapagal of the Philippines (1971), Queen Elizabeth II of England (1974), as well as Prime Minister Srimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka (1976).

Then, in the eighties, the country's guest was the Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yeuw (1980), Yang Pertuan Sultan Bolkiah of Brunei Darussalam (1984). Other important guests who never rest in the Great House, among others, Princess Sirindhom of Muanghthai (1984), Ny. Marlin Quayle, wife of Vice President of the United States (1984), President F. Mitterand of France (1988), Prince Charles with Princess Diana of England (1989), and the head of the Catholic Church Pope John Paul II (1989).

In the nineties, the great guests who visited the Great House was the Sultan Azlan Shah Pertuan Agung of Malaysia (1990), Japan's Emperor Akihito (1991), and Princess Basma of Jordan (1996).

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