Sunday, July 10, 2011

Sambisari Temple

Once buried for hundreds of years, the first slab was discovered in 1966. It takes 21 years to excavate and assemble hundreds of pieces "puzzle" of the stone before Sambisari successfully reconstructed temple.

Nothing strange feeling that descend Karyowinangun on a morning in 1966. But a rare occurrence at that time experienced in the field, while swinging the spade into the ground. Hoe who swung to the ground hitting a boulder after having seen sculptured on its surface. Karyowinangun and local people were surprised by the presence of chunks of rock.

Department aware of any archaeological findings come too soon and the next set of rice acreage Karyowinangun as ancient sanctuary. Carved stone found was supposed to be part of the temple that may be buried under the rice acreage. Excavations carried out to finally find hundreds of other boulders and ancient statues. And indeed, the stones were indeed a component of a temple.

Hose 21 years later, finally able to enjoy the beauty of the temple. Sambisari named the temple stood majestically on Sambisari Hamlet, Village Purwomartani, Kalasan District, Sleman, 10 kilometers from the city center. You can reach by driving through road traffic Yogya-Solo to find a signboard to this temple. Next, you just turn left follow the road.

I surprised when it arrived in the temple area. When the direct view to the middle area of ​​the temple, only the roof stone structure that looks as if only plays a few feet above the ground. I wondering, is it true that only such a small temple Sambisari? After the close, then we got the answer. Apparently, Sambisari temple is 6.5 meters lower than the surrounding region.

Sambisari temple is built between the years 812-838 AD, probably during the reign of Rakai Garung. The temple complex consists of a main temple and 3 pieces of fruit accompanying temple. There are two fences that surrounded the temple complex, a fence has been restored completely, while one other fence only displayed little to the east of the temple. Still as a barrier, there are 8 pole phallus scattered in every direction of the wind.

The main temple building is unique because it does not have a base like other temples in Java. Foot of the temple also functions as a base so that parallel to the ground. The foot of the temple left plain, without reliefs or decorations. Various decorations are generally in the form of new simbar found on the body until the top of the temple exterior. Ornaments that look like batik motifs.

Climb the ladder entrance of the temple, you will see an ornament of a lion in the mouth of makara (magical animal in Hindu mythology) are dropped. The figure of makara in Sambisari and an evolution of the makara form in India that could be a combination of an elephant with a fish or a crocodile with a curved tail.

1 meter wide corridor will be found after passing through the last rung of the main temple entrance. Surrounds it, you will find three niches each containing a statue. On the north side, there is a statue of Goddess Durga (the wife of Lord Shiva) with eight hands each holding a weapon. While on the east side there is a statue of Ganesha (the son of Goddess Durga). On the south side, there is a statue of Agastya with aksamala (prayer beads) are worn around the neck.

Entering the main temple chamber, can be seen phallus and yoni is large enough, approximately 1.5 meters. Its existence shows that this temple was built as a shrine of Lord Shiva. Phallus and yoni in the chambers of the main temple is also used to make holy water. Typically, the water poured on the phallus and allowed to flow through a small ditch on the yoni, and then accommodated in a container.

Exit from the main temple and headed west, you can see the three ancillary temples (companion) facing the opposite direction. There are allegations that the ancillary temples are deliberately built without a roof for when the excavation was found rocks the roof. The temples ancillary center has a square plinth decorated with dragons and Padmasana (lotus) shaped convex on it. Chances are, Padmasana and pedestal is used as a place statues or offerings.

If you have been enjoying the beauty of the temple, you can go to the information space. Some of the photos depicting the environmental field Karyowinangun excavated and the initial conditions before the temple was found to be met. There are also photographs of the excavation and reconstruction of temples that run for decades, including pictures of other objects found during excavation, in the form of bronze statues which are now stored at the Archaeological Heritage Preservation Hall.

The beauty Sambisari temple that is now we can enjoy is the result of the hard work of archaeologists for 21 years. The temple which was originally like a giant jigsaw puzzle, piece by piece was reconstructed by lestarinya another great cultural heritage of the past.

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